Greek City States
Greek City States
What is a city State
There aren’t anymore in Greece to use as a example. But there is some of them in the ancient Greece.
After the Greek dark ages, villages start to join together for better organization, protection, and trading process. The groups of villages banding together was called city states. There were hundreds of city states in Greece, some small ones, and some big ones with larger population.
All city states had different governments, own army, own navy, and own way of doing things, but they still have things in common. They all spoke the same language, they all believed in the same gods and worshiped them the same way, and they all thought themselves as Greeks. But they are all and only loyal to their own city state.The city states banded to fight outside enemies, but they also banded to fight each other.
One of the city states in Greece-Athens
A example layout of a smaller city state.
Why did Greece develop city states?
One major reason why ancient Greece was dominated by small city-states and independent towns, rather than by one all-powerful king, is its geography. The country's mountainous terrain, many isolated valleys, and numerous offshore islands encouraged the formation of many local centers of power, rather than one all-powerful capital.
Another key factor influencing the formation of city-states rather than kingdoms was the Mediterranean. Such a calm and easily navigable sea provided the Greeks with an opportunity to found new colonies in times of crisis and overpopulation. It also appealed to their sense of heroism and adventure. Starting in the 8th century BC, colonies were eventually founded all over the Mediterranean, from Naples in Italy, to Marseilles in France, Cyrene in Northern Africa, Byzantium, close to the Black Sea, and numerous cities all along the western coast of modern-day Turkey. These colonies remained in contact with their mother cities, and acknowledged their 'blood ties' with them, but in most other respects they soon acted independently of them.
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