Greece: The Parthenon

John Yi
What is the Parthenon?
The Parthenon was constructed between 447-432 BC. Pericles is the person who set up the construction of the Parthenon which served as a monument on the acropolis (top of a hill) of the city in ancient Greece. It was the physical, marble embodiment of Athenian values, their beliefs, their myths, and their ideologies. It was also as much a temple to the Athenians as it was to their patron goddess, Athena. Because it played such a crucial role in the Athenians' urban construction, it remains one of the principal legacies of Greek civilization.


What was the Parthenon used for?
The Parthenon was used for keeping or storing the beliefs, ideologies, values, and myths of the Athenians. It also sheltered the statue of Athena, which was seen as the goddess that protected and watched over ancient Greece, specifically Athens. The Parthenon was also used to show the wealth and exuberance of Athenian power.


What was the construction of the Parthenon?
The Parthenon sat on a base of approximately seventy meters long and twenty-six meters wide. There were seventeen columns along the length and eight columns along the width of the Parthenon, which makes a total of forty-six columns. Each column was over ten meters in height and approximately two meters in diameter. The Parthenon’s massive foundations were made of mainly stone, especially limestone, that was transported from Mount Pantelakos, about sixteen kilometers from Athens. It is thought that the whole constructing project included around thirteen thousand four hundred stones. The vast amount of money used came from the Delian League funds (money donated from city-states in the league).


What was the Parthenon most likely named after?
While researchers were exploring the Parthenon, they found that the name of the cult statue of Athena was “Athena Parthenos”. Researchers think that the name “Parthenon” came from the name of the statue “Athena Parthenos”. The reason was that the monument was dedicated to Athena, so naming it “Parthenon” would fit with the statue’s name “Athena Parthenos”.
ac570050.jpg
There are 8 columns along the width...



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...and 17 columns along the length!


Works Cited
“Parthenon, Athens.” Sacred Destinations. Sacred Destinations, 2014. Web. 1 Dec. 2014. <http://www.sacred-destinations.com/greece/athens-parthenon>.

“The Parthenon.” Ancient Greece. Ancient Greece.com, 2012. Web. 1 Dec. 2014. <http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Parthenon/>.

“The Parthenon.” Ancient Greece. Ancient Greece.org, 2014. Web. 1 Dec. 2014. <http://ancient-greece.org/architecture/parthenon.html>.

“The Parthenon.” Greece: Secrets of the Past. Canadian museum of history, 2006. Web.1 Dec. 2014. <http://www.historymuseum.ca/cmc/exhibitions/civil/greece/gr1130e.shtml>.

“The Parthenon.” The Parthenon. Academicreed.edu, NF. Web. 1 Dec. 2014. <http://academic.reed.edu/humanities/110Tech/Parthenon.html>.

“The Parthenon.” Athens Survival Guide. Athens Survival Guide.com, NF. Web. 1 Dec. 2014. <http://www.athensguide.com/elginmarbles/parthenon.html >.

“The Parthenon from the NW 1.” Athens. wings.buffalo.edu, 1997. Web Image. 1 Dec. 2014. <http://wings.buffalo.edu/AandL/Maecenas/greece/athens/ac570035.html >.

“The Parthenon from the NW 2.” Athens. wings.buffalo.edu, 1997. Web Image. 1 Dec. 2014. <http://wings.buffalo.edu/AandL/Maecenas/greece/athens/ac570050.html>.