Sparta
By: Eddie Kim

Sparta or Lacedaemon was a prominent city-state in ancient Greece, situated on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. It emerged as a political entity around the 10th century BC, when the invading Dorians subjugated the local, non-Dorian population. Around 650 BC, it rose to become the dominant military land-power in ancient Greece. Sparta was a warrior society in ancient Greece that reached the height of its power after defeating rival city-state Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.). They were raised to be soldiers, loyal to the state, strong and self-disciplined. Spartan families boys left their at 7 to be trained to become part of the full-time professional army. Shortly after birth, Spartan babies were bathed in wine and then presented to the Gerousia (an elder). Any weak or deformed babies were thrown off Mount Taygetos and killed. Spartan girls were also well-educated, but they didn't receive as much military training.At the age of 20 or so, they had to pass a rigorous test to graduate and become full citizens.Girls also were removed from the home at 7 and sent to school.If they passed their citizen tests, they were assigned a husband. Because this did not happen until they were 18-20. In 371 B.C., Sparta suffered a catastrophic defeat at the hands of the Thebans at the Battle of Leuctra.
This is Leonidas I
This is Leonidas I
This is a map of Sparta.
This is a map of Sparta.